PRESS RELEASE – Monitoring Agriculture in Beach Sand
December 29, 2014 - Uncategory
Yogyakarta – A number of local media and national newspapers went to the location of agricultural land located in the beach sand Pandansimo Beach, Srandakan, Bantul, Yogyakarta, on Monday (3/3). The overcast weather that afternoon did not dampen the enthusiasm of the media to look around the locations. Beach sand agricultural land is the research and development of land owned by PT Indmira in Yogyakarta. PT Indmira is a manufacturer of organic fertilizer, animal nutrition, and ecosystem improvement substance. PT Indmira always trying to make innovation and new breakthroughs for the betterment of the environment through continuous Research & Development, one of which is the development of agriculture in the land of sand beach.
“It used to be said that Indmira was crazy, because it is impossible to succeed in making beach sand agricultural land, but this is the result, we were able to prove that the land of sand beaches that never occurred to the people for cultivation of diverse crops that also can be developed for agriculture,” Aryo said Wiryawan, President Director of PT Indmira.
Research in the area of sand beach has been made since 1999. The coast-land agriculture is also one attempt to test as well as test the effectiveness from the product PT Indmira the form of organic fertilizer and ecosystem repair materials. After the testing, it is known that the test was successfully applied in the land of sand beach which is a marginal land.
The land is approximately only 50 meters from the beach. Characteristics of nutrient poor sand, has a high salt content because it has been submerged in salt for millions of years, and has a structure that is immediately lost when drenched with water that makes the water can not be absorbed by plants is a challenge that must be solved by PT Indmira. Implementation of coastal land agricultural technology development began with the micro-climate engineering as well as improvement of physical and chemical structure of soil. Once the land is conducive, then there is performed the cultivation of various agricultural commodities.
The weather was very hot, strong ocean winds, and frequent storms of salt is also an obstacle to be overcome. These constraints tricked by planting wind barrier crops. The plant serves as a cultivated protective wind barrier. With the wind barrier plants, sea breeze carries moisture containing salt is not fully hit the crop and can also protect the plants from scorching heat of the sun.
Almost all types of plants can be cultivated in the beach sand lands managed by PT indmira, ranging from horticultural crops, annual fruit crops, plantation crops, and wind barrier. Plants have good growth, able to bear fruit with dense, and can flourish like plants grown on regular farms in general. Type of horticultural crops cultivated are rice, corn, wheat, peanuts, soybeans, peppers, tomatoes, melons, onions, and even vegetables such as cabbage and beans are also successfully cultivated. In each harvest it able to produce a rice crop Rojolele reach 6-8 tons / ha, Melon 46 tons / ha, soybeans 2.16 tons / ha, and onion 10-15 tons / ha. Annual fruit species, including longan, sapodilla, bananas, lemons, and grapefruit Sunkist. In fact, brown and longan whish grown as high as one to two meters have been able to bear fruit in abundance. Plantation species such as teak, palm oil, palm and cashew nuts can grow well too. And last, types of crops cultivated wind barrier is sea pine, vetiver, acacia, and kleresede.
In addition to agriculture, PT Indmira also developed ponds in beach sand land for shrimp culture. Shrimp chosen because it has a high economic value. The shrimp farmed are Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei). PT Indmira choose Vannamei because this variety has several advantages, such as its high rate of survival rate, more resistant to disease, feed-efficient, more resistant to environmental disturbances and growing faster so that maintenance time is shorter, about 90 to 100 days. Usually in a pond of 1000 m2 just filled a number of 150,000 shrimps. But PT Indmira try experimenting with filling 250,000 shrimps. This method is done by a system of two harvests. During the first crop there will be harvested as many as 150,000 shrimps, and a second crop will be harvested the rest. From the second crop will be produced shrimp with a larger size. In swimming pond also added a waterwheel which serves to provide additional oxygen for the shrimp. For aquaculture is also worth noting the level of salinity. Salinity water in the pond PT Indmira range 10-15 are classified into types of brackish water.
The results of the first shrimp harvest of PT Indmira on January 23, 2014 and reached 2.2 tons from pool which covers 1000 m2 in the sand on the Pandansimo beach land. The yields indicate the success of shrimp feed efficiency with Food Conversion Ratio (FCR). In fact, the general standard of feeding as much as 1.8 tonnes up to 2.5 tonnes only produce one ton of shrimp. PT Indmira successfully feed efficiency by 1.1 tons to produce one ton of shrimp. PT Indmira also did substitute other feeding with micro-organisms for shrimp. Shrimp harvest has become a model for the area around the beach Pandansimo that farm land with sand shrimp can produce maximum results.
The successful development of land cultivation in coastal sand originated from PT Indmira concerns of the reduction of agricultural land in Indonesia as a result of settlement activities and buildings. PT Indmira trying to find an alternative to the search for land that does not occur to people to be used in any activity. Beach sand land chosen because many large extend land in Indonesia is only unpunished and seldom to be fully utilized for community activities, especially for agriculture. In addition to agricultural sand beach land, new innovations being developed by PT Indmira is farming in the desert. Desert in the world is very wide, but never occurred to anyone to be used as farmland. Thus, countries that are in the desert region had to import foodstuffs from outside the country. PT Indmira trying to innovate to create solutions in order to develop agriculture in the desert.
The existance of agricultural land has been able to make sand around the beach area green. The beach area is commonly known as the arid and very hot from the sun that stung, turned into more areas cool and shady. Another positive impact from agricultural land has also been seen sand beach is the establishment of new ecosystems in coastal areas. The existence of fertilizing land animals such as fleas, worms, caterpillars, and a variety of other animals, such as various types of birds, insects, reptiles, is a proof of new resident in new ecosystems in coastal areas.
Land cropping in the beach sand of PT Indmira is expected to be an inspiration for other regions to develop the agricultural potential of the land that could be cultivated in the sand, so as to create new jobs for coastal communities are generally fishermen.
For more information contact:
Charisma Rahma Dinasih